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Alarming epidemiological data. More and more cases of measles, mumps and rubella – Zdrowie Wprost

Alarming epidemiological data.  More and more cases of measles, mumps and rubella - Zdrowie Wprost

The lists of the National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene of the National Research Institute show that from January 1 to October 31 of this year, 24 measles cases were registered in Poland, while in the same period from 2021 – 12. In the first 10 months of 2022 , 779 cases of mumps were detected, and a year ago – 392. As for rubella, this year 117 cases were confirmed, at the same time last year – 42.

What are the symptoms of mumps?

Mumps (common parotitis) is an infectious viral disease. The infection is transmitted through droplets or contact with objects contaminated with secretions from the patient’s throat.

A specialized portal dedicated to vaccinations – Vaccinations. There is fever, malaise, swelling and pain in one or both parotid glands. As a result swelling may occur AnorexiaDifficulty swallowing and dry mouth. More serious complications are more common in boys than in girls. These include meningitis and orchitis, sometimes leading to infertility, pancreatitis, arthritis, myocarditis or auditory neuritis, which leads to permanent deafness.

How is German measles transmitted?

Rubella is an infectious viral disease, the infection is transmitted by droplets. Rubella in children is usually mild or asymptomatic. Most adults are at greater risk. Symptoms usually appear 14-21 days after infection. There is redness in the throat, cough, runny nose, high fever, and a rash that lasts up to three days. Severe enlargement of the lymph nodes is noted behind the ears and on the back of the head.

Experts point out that rubella is a serious complication conjunctivitisMyalgia, thrombocytopenia and encephalitis are very rare. Rubella poses a serious threat to pregnant women, causing severe fetal damage. The risk of birth defects depends on the stage of pregnancy and is highest in the first trimester. Usually, a miscarriage or birth occurs to a child with hearing and vision, heart defects, problems with speech development, mental retardation, deformities, and bone defects.

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Who is the most dangerous measles?

Measles is an acute viral infectious disease that spreads very easily among vulnerable people of all ages. The infection is spread by droplets and direct contact with the nasopharyngeal secretions of a sick person. Symptoms appear 10-12 days after infection. 2-4 days before the appearance of a characteristic rash, fever, malaise, conjunctivitis, runny nose, and cough appear. With the development of the disease, the temperature rises to 39-41 degrees. White eruptions surrounded by a red line (Koplik’s spots) appear in the mouth, then the red rash gradually turns into spots and covers the entire head and body.

On the Vaccine Vaccine website. Cases are complex, especially among children under 5 years of age and adults over 20 years of age. The most common complications are Inflammation of the middle earWhich leads to hearing loss and diarrhea. PneumoniaSevere inflammation of the brain that leads to brain swelling and visual disturbances leading to blindness and is a rare severe brain injury known as subacute sclerosing encephalitis (SSPE), which develops several years after the disease. Measles is most dangerous for children under the age of five and for people with weakened immune systems.

Read also:
Vaccination of children is not a fad. “The concerns are usually based on false media reports.”
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Swollen lymph nodes – causes, symptoms and treatment

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