Chairman United States, Joe Biden, Formally acknowledged that this is Saturday (24) It was a genocide, the massacre experienced by the Armenian people By the hands of the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century.
With the measurement, it was announced exactly that day 106 years since the massacre began, Biden responds to a historical claim Armenia – The former Soviet Republic is located in the Caucasus, which has a large community in the United States.
“Every year, on this day, we remember the lives of all those who died in the Armenian Genocide by the Ottoman Empire, and we promise to prevent such atrocities from happening again,” Biden said.
In this report you will find:
- The Armenians were massacred in the early 20th century
- What would have led to mass murder
- Recognizing the killing of Armenians as genocide is why the US is creating a stalemate with Turkey
- The announcement comes amid clashes between Armenia and Turkish-backed Azerbaijan during tensions in the Caucasus.
Massacre of Armenians: What Happened
People deposit flowers in memory of the victims of the April 2015 Armenian Genocide in Yerevan – Photo: AFP PHOTO / KAREN MINASYAN
Oh Ottoman Empire Has been charged Genocide against the Armenian people These members of the population, who have lived in the eastern region of Anatolia since 1915, have been subjected to massacres and deportations – today a border-like area Turkey With the Caucasus countries.
After the end of World War I in 1918, the defeated Ottoman Empire finally began to fall, and in 1922, Turkey declared its independence and became the successor to the old empire. However, There have been reports of violence against Armenian minorities since then.
The death toll from the massacre reaches 1.5 million, according to Armenia and its allies. Turkey, however, denies that the genocide took place and says that this does not correspond to the whole reality. The Turkish government also points out that many deaths occurred in the wake of the civil war (Read more about the stalemate between the US and Turkey).
Officially, Brazil does not recognize the Armenian Genocide. However, one thing The 2015 Senate resolution endorsed this word. The controversy at that time created the Turkish government Meet the country’s ambassador to Brazil For explanations.
Motivations for assassination
1915 photo shows Armenians marching a long distance to the place of massacre, according to them – Photo: AP Photo
The Armenian problem predates the 1915 massacre – This population was divided between the Russian and Ottoman empires, in the Caucasus region, from the 16th century. In 1895, strong repression of an Armenian nationalist movement in the Ottoman Empire killed 100,000 to 300,000.
In October 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered World War I, along with Germany and Austria-Hungary. When the empire suffered heavy losses in the fighting that affected the Armenian provinces, The authorities took responsibility for the Armenians and launched a propaganda campaign that classified them as an internal enemy..
In April 24, 1915, Thousands of Armenians were arrested on suspicion of having anti-nationalist sentiments. Most of them were later executed or deported. Date, then, to Armenians around the world, The Remembrance Day of the Armenian Genocide.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan wears a mask during a speech on November 3 – Photo: Adam Altan / AFP
In declaring recognition for the Armenian Genocide, Biden is in a controversial position with Turkey – US military alliance with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Otton). According to news outlets, the Democrats have already warned the Turkish president of the decision. Recep Tayyip Erdogan, During a meeting on Friday.
In an interview with Haberturk earlier this week, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said the country was “not worried about any decision that Biden could take,” but He acknowledged that the Turkish government did not welcome the genocide.
“If the United States wants to worsen our relations, it is their decision,” Gauchoklu said.
Then US Vice President Joe Biden (left) during a meeting with Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan in 2016 – Photo: Keihan Oser / Presidential Palace / Reuters
Last year, he was the front-runner for the presidency Biden had expressed a desire to recognize the massacre of Armenians as genocide. “Mile is complicit”, He said. The Turkish Foreign Ministry at the time expected that announcing the recognition of the Armenian issue as genocide would “damage” US-Turkish relations.
The relationship between the United States and Turkey, especially in the context of NATO, explains in part why other governments have been reluctant to recognize the massacre of Armenians as genocide. In 2019, The House of Representatives approved the recognition.
Despite its symbolic nature – the delegates did not have this individual alone – the Turkish government reversed the decision and, at the time, said the announcement violated NATO agreements between the two countries.
In November 2020, family members buried the body of M. Guitar Beglarian, an Armenian soldier killed in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. In the coffin, the flag of the separatist territory – Photo: Sergey Grits / AB Photo
The recognition of the massacre of Armenians by the US President as genocide comes at a time of crisis in the Caucasus region. Armenia and The Azerbaijan, Former USSR, Armed conflict resumed By the separatist region Nagorno-Karabakh, Also known as artsock.
Nagorno-Karabakh It is part of the Armenian majority within the internationally recognized borders of Azerbaijan. The Dispute to control area It intensified in the late 1980s, with the onset of the fall of the Soviet Union, until 1994, when it became a war that killed at least 30,000 people.
Armed clashes intensified between September and October 2020, with both parties accusing each other of aggression. Both countries Reached a ceasefire Mediated by Russia In November, and Armenian settlers in Nagorno-Karabakh Returned to their homes. However, the balance was high: At least 2,300 people were killed in the clashes, According to the number of the Armenian army.
Dog rocket survivors search for survivors of the October 11 clashes in the secessionist region of Nagorno-Karabakh, Cannabis, Azerbaijan – Photo: Umid Pektas / Reuters
The United States has little to do with this crisis, however Turkey militarily supported Azerbaijan – Culturally and ethnically, the Azeri people are very close to the Turks.
Armenia, on the other hand, found itself in a political predicament – in part because of the public perception that Prime Minister Nicole Pashinian led more to Azerbaijan. The prime minister has demanded the resignation and will continue in office until the next general election in June.
Map of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic – Photo: Alexandre Muro / G1