- Black hairy tongue – what is it?
- What are the symptoms of a black hairy tongue?
- What are the causes of the appearance of the black hairy tongue?
- Does black tongue need treatment?
The black hairy tongue is a temporary and harmless oral condition. The characteristic appearance is usually due to an accumulation of dead cells on the tabs (papillae) on the surface of the tongue where the taste buds are. OK oral hygiene Usually it is enough to get rid of this unpleasant problem.
Black hairy tongue – what is it?
black hairy tongue (lingua villosa nigra) are also called the black papillae of the tongue. As a result of excessive keratinization and elongation of the filiform papillae, a black or brown pigment accumulates on the tongue, giving it a dark, thick, hairy appearance. Warts are longer than usual (they resemble bristles – their length can be up to 3 mm), so they are easy to get trapped by bacteria and yeast, as well as, for example, food debris.
Although the name suggests black, the tongue can take on different colors: yellow, brown, green or blue – depending on foods or liquids (eg colored Mouthwashes or candy) by a person suffering from this syndrome.
What are the symptoms of a black hairy tongue?
Symptoms of a black hairy tongue are:
- Black discoloration of the tongue (the color can be brown, green, yellow, or any other color)
- Tongue hair appears
- taste disturbance or Metallic taste in the mouth
- Bad breath (bad breath)
- Feeling of heaviness or itching in the tongue (if the nipple is large).
What are the causes of the appearance of the black hairy tongue?
It is often difficult to determine the cause of the black hairy tongue. However, the most common ones include:
- Changes in the normal amount of bacteria or yeast in the mouth after taking antibiotics
- Improper oral hygiene
- dry mouth (dry mouth)
- Regular use of mouthwashes that contain irritating oxidants
- Tobacco use
- Drinking large amounts of coffee or black tea
- Drink a lot of alcohol
- Eating a liquid diet does not help to naturally remove dead cells from the tongue.
Does black tongue need treatment?
Although a black hairy tongue is unattractive, it is usually a temporary, harmless condition that does not require treatment. However, in order for the problem to go away, it is necessary to limit the factor that is causing the problem.
It can also help baking soda or dilute hydrogen peroxide (hydrogen peroxide) as a local oral hygiene support.
Source: G.E. Gurvits, A. Tan, Black hairy tongue syndrome, World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG 2014 21, 20 (31): 10845-50 / Black hairy tongue, Mayo Clinic [dostęp: 10.11.2022]
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