American maize cultivation has been advancing at its second slowest pace for more than a quarter of a century, and spring wheat growth has always been very slow, and the full potential of the acre is in question.
This spring, extreme humid and cold weather affected the northern plains of the United States, leaving farmers far behind in parts of North Dakota, North Minnesota and South Dakota. The crop planting deadline for insuring crops is fast approaching, and current speeds indicate that some of these acres will be vacant this year.
But the decision to slow down planting may be reflected in the weekly improvement figures. This may suggest a higher production rate than what actually happened or the current acreage targets are reasonable.
The United States Department of Agriculture (NASS) Statistics Service publishes weekly national crop improvement reports from April to November. Estimates of crop improvement are obtained from local agricultural experts, mainly district extension agents, with a target of at least one report per district. Respondents make subjective judgments based on what they see and hear, and evaluate weekly planting progress in the county based on assumptions for planting purposes for the day. This percentage is not from the March NASS report, which lists expected plantings at the state and national levels, not at the district level. For example, if a respondent hears that many local farmers have left the corn within a week to cultivate soybeans or have accepted planting prevention fees instead, they will add this to the overall planting improvement estimate. In this way, the state can achieve significant planting progress in a week without even a farmer going down the field. Last week may not have been like that because most parts of North Dakota have a May planting deadline of May 25, May 31 or June 5 for spring wheat and June 10 for soybeans. Maize is available until May 31 in central and southern Minnesota.
But a “blocking” effect on the sowing rate may emerge in the next few weeks. It is worth paying attention to the observed weather and the number of days that the NASS shows suitable for fieldwork in a particular week. For the week ending May 22, there were 3.2 corresponding days in North Dakota, compared to 1.9 days in the previous week.
On Monday afternoon the NASS set the growth rate for the U.S. corn at 72 percent. Compared with 49 percent on Sunday. One week ago and the five-year average was 79 percent. North Dakota corn reached 20 percent. Compared to 4 percent. A week ago and 66 percent. Average.
Only 49% of American spring wheat was sown on Sunday, the slowest pace since it began registering in 1981. This compares with 39 percent. Last week and averaged 83 percent. North Dakota advanced 27 percent
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