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Eczema – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment – Zdrowie Wprost

Eczema - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment - Zdrowie Wprost

The skin protects our bodies from the inside from microbes and other threats. Eczema is one of the common skin diseases. It appears as a result of various types of factors, including allergens that have an irritating effect on the surface layers of the skin, which relate to eg. With the weakening of the natural protective barrier in the form of a lipid layer.

What is eczema?

Eczema is an annoying and often recurring inflammatory skin disease. It may be allergic or non-allergic. Sometimes the cause of eczema cannot be determined, which complicates the treatment and reduces its effectiveness.

What happens during illness? Eczema affects the superficial layers of the skin. Inflammation occurs in various places on the body, such as the thighs, lower legs, forearms, wrists, knee and elbow flexors, and the back of the hand. The inflammatory reaction affects the epidermis and the papillary layer of the dermis, causing itching, burning, excessive dryness of the epidermis and the appearance of small blisters. The blisters are filled with serous or purulent contents, rupture and form crusts. The discoloration may appear at the site of the healed eczema.

Eczema is still an unknown skin disease. Although it is known what factors cause inflammation of the superficial layer of the skin, the form of the disease can vary greatly between individuals.

Eczema – causes

Eczema is a multifaceted disease. Although it is often associated with atopic dermatitis, the term is also used to describe other skin conditions, including allergic and nonallergic contact dermatitis and diaper dermatitis.

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Eczema can be caused by external as well as internal factors. The disease often occurs in close family members, which suggests that the tendency to eczema may be passed on with inherited genes.

Importantly, eczema is not contagious, meaning it is not a direct result of a viral, fungal or bacterial skin infection. This does not mean, however, that various infections are not causative agents of eczema – the disease may appear, for example, after the healing of an infection affecting the superficial layers of the skin.

The factors that cause the appearance of eczema can be divided into two groups. The first of these are environmental factors (external, external), which include, inter alia, allergens, dry air, pollution, low temperatures. The second group is endogenous factors, that is, endogenous factors, incl. Incorrect immune response.

Eczema may appear early in life, which is associated with a lack of adequate protection of the skin in the form of a properly formed lipid layer, as well as a lack of sufficient immunity of the body.

Despite the various factors that influence the appearance of eczema, allergies are the most common cause of eczema. Increasingly, this disease is also associated with stress on the nervous system and stress, which may be a factor causing the appearance of skin lesions. Chronic stress also exacerbates disease symptoms.

Eczema – Symptoms

Eczema appears as red, swollen and itchy skin. Very quickly, small spots appear at the site of the development of inflammation, which may be filled with serous or purulent contents. Skin lesions erupt and form crusts. If the inflamed skin is scratched, it can become infected, resulting in painful cuts and sores. Symptoms of eczema can vary depending, for example, on the severity of the allergic reaction.

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Eczema usually occurs hours after contact with an allergen or other irritant. It can occur by, among other things, contact with chemicals, animals, artificial jewelry, natural fibers, cosmetics, and consumption of allergenic foods.

eczema treatment

Treatment of eczema includes detecting the cause of the disease, as well as eliminating harmful allergens and other irritants. Proper skin care is equally important, including: the use of specialized dermatological cosmetics that rebuild the natural protective layer of the skin, help maintain the appropriate level of its hydration and have a soothing effect, reduce excessive flaking of the epidermis as well as itching and burning. You should visit a dermatologist who will prescribe suitable medications for eczema. In the case of an advanced form of the disease, the use of dermatological drugs, such as corticosteroids and antibiotics, may be necessary.

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