Thyroid hormones play many important functions in the human body. Many people associate them with the fact that they control the rate of metabolic changes. However, hardly anyone realizes that they also play an important role in the hair growth process. By stimulating hair follicle cell division, it ensures the correct rate of hair growth and endurance. No wonder then Symptoms of thyroid disease in general, and sometimes severe hair loss. may appear Both in people with hyperactivity and underactivity of the gland. In addition to hair loss, hair is often brittle, dull, and lacks luster.
Hormonal disruptions cause most hair to enter a final stage of growth called telogen. For this reason, this The type of hair loss is called telogen effluviumAnd causes hair loss in general on the entire surface of the scalp. Usually the process does not start immediately, but after a while – usually within a few months from the onset of the disease.
For many people, this is a very difficult time emotionally, especially for women whose hair is often an important part of their image. But the good news is that With properly selected treatment for primary thyroid disease, hair will grow back over time. It may not be as dense as before, but its general condition should improve.
Diabetes is another not-so-obvious disease that can cause hair symptoms. Prolonged high levels of glucose in the blood lead to damage to small blood vessels. They are designed to provide oxygen and nutrients to all tissues and cells – including the hair follicles in the skin. Unfortunately, when these blood vessels are damaged, the follicles are not supplied with sufficient blood, resulting in hypoxia and malnutrition. This may work Hair loss, dullness and increased brittleness.
The primary way to treat hair loss during diabetes is to primarily regulate blood glucose levels. You can also help yourself with herbal massage. If they don’t help, it’s worth going to a dermatologist who will consider including over-the-counter scalp preparations, such as those containing minoxidil.
Infection with the new coronavirus can also be a factor in causing hair loss. It usually appears 2-3 months after the onset of infection. This problem is very common – it is estimated that up to One in four people reported excessive hair loss after contracting COVID-19. Most often, as in diseases of the thyroid gland, Telogen effluviumHair is falling from all over the head.
The cause of hair loss after infection with sars-cov-2 is complex. It is suspected that it leads, inter alia, from infection stress and fever for the body, as well as from a lack of vitamins and minerals. Fortunately, in most people, after some time, usually after a few months, the hair loss resolves on its own and the hair begins to grow again. Until then, it is useful to take care of adequate hydration, mineral supplements (eg zinc, copper, selenium) as well as vitamins (acid, folic, vitamin D or B vitamins). Massaging the scalp as well as cosmetic treatments such as mesotherapy can also be beneficial.
Heart disease is not usually associated with alopecia. However, they can promote hair loss, especially in people with heart failure. This is because a failing heart is less able to pump blood to all tissues and cells in the body, including hair follicles. This leads to follicle hypoxia, which promotes weakness and hair loss. It is usually a drooping of the entire scalp accompanied by the formation and deepening of bends.
There are many diseases that can cause hair loss, weakness and brittleness. In addition to the above diseases, hair problems can be the result of:
- chronic anxiety;
- Rheumatic diseases first of all Systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and Sjogren’s syndrome.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia in men.
- Obesity, insulin resistance, lipid disorders, and atherosclerosis.
- Use of certain medications, beta-blockers and other antihypertensive agents, anti-tuberculosis drugs, cholesterol-lowering drugs, anticoagulant drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
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