- Both countries celebrate the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance
- China is North Korea’s only major ally, and international sanctions over Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons program have made the North Korean regime more dependent than ever on Beijing for trade.
- In addition, the friendship agreement obligates both countries to help each other in the event that either party is attacked
- “Our treaty defends socialism and peace in Asia, now that hostile forces are more desperate in the face of challenges and obstructive moves,” Kim Jong-un’s assessment
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According to the official North Korean News Agency, the leaders of North Korea and China exchanged telegrams on strengthening relations on the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance between the two countries.
In a letter to Chinese President Kim Jong Un, he stressed that mutual relations are crucial in facing threats from hostile foreign powers. The announcement is even more significant because China is North Korea’s only major ally, and international sanctions against Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons program have made the North Korean regime more dependent on Beijing for trade.
In addition, the friendship agreement obligates both countries to assist each other in the event that either party is attacked. “Despite the unprecedented complexity of the international situation in recent years, the friendship between the DPRK and China is getting stronger day by day,” Kim wrote in his letter to the Chinese president.
“Our treaty defends socialism and peace in Asia, now that the hostile forces are becoming more desperate in the face of their challenges and obstructive moves,” he added.
The Chinese president plans to bring more happiness to both countries
In response, Xi promised to take the two countries’ cooperation “to a new stage.” As the Korean Central News Agency wrote, the Chinese president’s message is that he “plans to bring more happiness to both countries and their people by strengthening communication with Kim and maintaining friendly relations.”
“marriage of convenience”
According to Park Won Geun, professor of North Korean studies at Ewha Womans University in Seoul, the cable exchange between Xi and Kim is a signal of renewed relations between the two countries, which are targeting the United States in the face of stalemate. The nuclear talks between Pyongyang and Washington are deepening tensions between the United States and Beijing.
“It’s a marriage of convenience,” the scientist said, explaining that the relationship between the two countries has already been strained since the end of the Korean War, and that the authorities in Pyongyang and Beijing “will never trust each other.” – But they need each other to deal with Washington. The closer they get, Park added, the more difficult it will be to denuclearize North Korea.