There is an extensive communication network in the plants to signal dangers

Plants also have hormones and even these living creatures need to signal to the various parts of the plant a possible danger, whether it is an insect attack or a particular hot or cold state.
A team of researchers, who have published a study on Nature Plants, is focusing on one of these hormones, probably one of the most important in terms of danger warnings, called jasmonic acid or Jasmonate.

The study confirms the existence of what can be considered as a complex network of communication within plants, a knowledge that could prove useful to develop a more resistant crop able to resist insect attack as well as cold and heat.
Joseph Ecker, corresponding author of the study and researcher at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, states that this study describes in great detail this hormone, its functioning and the fact that it acts at different levels.

The researchers focused mainly on Arabidopsis thaliana, a small plant of the mustard family. It is a plant whose genome has already been extensively described.
“Jasmonic acid is particularly important for a plant’s defense response against fungi and insects,” explains author Mark Zander, researcher in Ecker’s laboratory and other author of the study. “We wanted to understand exactly what happens after jasmonic acid is perceived by the plant. Which genes are activated and deactivated, which proteins are produced and which factors are in control of these well orchestrated cellular processes?”

The researchers identified two important genes, called MYC2 and MYC3, which encode the proteins that act as transcription factors, which means that they regulate the activity of many genes, probably thousands.
“Deciphering all these genetic networks and subnets helps us understand the architecture of the entire system,” Zander explains. “We now have a very complete picture of which genes are activated and deactivated during a plant’s defense response. With the availability of gene modification via CRISPR, this type of detail can be useful for crops that are better able to resist pest attacks.

Cells that regenerate heart in zebrafish discovered

A team of researchers from the University of Bern has discovered particular cells responsible for the regeneration of zebrafish heart muscle. These animals, in fact, can regenerate their heart in an extremely flexible way following an injury, unlike most mammals, including humans, for whom the heart muscles heal in a limited way following an injury.

In humans, for example, when there is damage to the heart, millions of muscle cells called cardiomyocytes die and are replaced by a scar. In some fish, especially in the zebra fish, a regeneration takes place in a way that interests scientists very much because perhaps it could be possible to establish the same process also in future humans.

Among other things, zebrafish are animals already known in medical research and used in a myriad of studies and experiments because they share many of their genes with humans.

Following a cardiac trauma, the cardiomyocytes of the zebrafish do not die but divide and generate a new heart muscle. However, researchers from the Swiss institute have noted that not all cardiomyocytes of this fish contribute to muscle regeneration; some of them seem to have an enhanced regeneration ability.

As explained in the study published in Cell Reports, these special cells differ in gene expression from other cardiomyocytes. This indicates that they are part of another different subset of cells. By eliminating this subset of cells, heart regeneration itself was severely impaired in fish, indicating their primary role in the heart regeneration process.

Now the researchers want to understand if the discovery related to the special role of these “super cells” in terms of regeneration of the heart tissue can be useful for those mammals in which the heart does not regenerate instead very efficiently, as in humans.

Who Still Cares About Ben Affleck? (2020-01-05)

What’s up everyone. I have found some curious things on Ben Affleck, current as of 2020-01-05. I personally have a love-hate relationship with Ben Affleck, so was eager to do some deep research into them. Let’s get started!

First… how popular is Ben Affleck right now? On Google Trends Ben Affleck had a popularity ranking of 35 ten days ago, 46 nine days ago, 34 eight days ago, 36 seven days ago, 36 six days ago, 41 five days ago, 33 four days ago, 36 three days ago, 36 two days ago, 62 one day ago and now has a popularity rank of 41. So in the recent past, they were gathering the most attention on 2020-01-01 when they had a rank of 62. If we compare Ben Affleck’s popularity to three months ago, they had an average popularity of 28.6, whereas now their average popularity over the last ten days is 40.0. so by that measure, Ben Affleck is getting more popular! It’s worth noting, finally, that Ben Affleck never had a rank of 0, indicating people are always searching for them 🙂

And what about how Ben Affleck has fared if we consider the entire past 3 months? Our date indicates 2019-10-28 to be their most popular day, when they had a relative rank of 100. Not bad!

As of 2020-01-05, my research indicates that people searching for Ben Affleck are also searching for these related terms: jennifer ben affleck, ben affleck batman, batman, ben affleck movie, ben affleck movies, jennifer garner ben affleck, jennifer garner, matt damon, ben affleck matt damon, ben affleck film, ben affleck 2019, ben affleck netflix, jennifer lopez ben affleck, jennifer lopez, casey affleck, ben affleck tattoo, jennifer garner and ben affleck, christian bale, superman, pelicula ben affleck, ben affleck wife, actor ben affleck, ben affleck height, robert pattinson and the batman.

I did some more exhaustive analysis today on the web sentiment regarding Ben Affleck, and found a number news articles about them in the past month. I may update this post later when I analyze the best ones

Considering everything written about Ben Affleck (not just official news articles), I decided the overall sentiment for Ben Affleck on 2020-01-05 is neutral. But what do you think? I’d like to hear your comments (just don’t write anything too mean).

How Ashton Kutcher Is Doing Right Now (2020-01-05)

What’s up everyone. I have found some curious things on Ashton Kutcher, current as of 2020-01-05. I personally am a big fan of Ashton Kutcher, so was eager to do some deep research into them. Let’s get started!

First… how popular is Ashton Kutcher right now? On Google Trends Ashton Kutcher had a popularity ranking of 57 ten days ago, 74 nine days ago, 70 eight days ago, 72 seven days ago, 86 six days ago, 83 five days ago, 69 four days ago, 70 three days ago, 70 two days ago, 81 one day ago and now has a popularity rank of 85. So in the recent past, they were gathering the most attention on 2019-12-28 when they had a rank of 86. If we compare Ashton Kutcher’s popularity to three months ago, they had an average popularity of 79.7, whereas now their average popularity over the last ten days is 74.7. so by that measure, Ashton Kutcher has regressed. It’s worth noting, finally, that Ashton Kutcher never had a rank of 0, indicating people are always searching for them 🙂

And what about how Ashton Kutcher has fared if we consider the entire past 3 months? Our date indicates 2019-10-19 to be their most popular day, when they had a relative rank of 100. Not bad!

As of 2020-01-05, my research indicates that people searching for Ashton Kutcher are also searching for these related terms: ashton kutcher mila kunis, mila kunis, demi moore ashton kutcher, demi moore, ashton kutcher and mila kunis, ashton kutcher wife, ashton kutcher movie, ashton kutcher net worth, ashton kutcher movies, ashton kutcher kids, ashton kutcher that 70s show, ashton kutcher age, that 70s show, ashton kutcher 2019, film ashton kutcher, demi moore and ashton kutcher, ashton kutcher twin, bruce willis, the ranch, ashton kutcher the ranch, natalie portman, ashton kutcher steve jobs, ashton kutcher brother, ashton kutcher two and a half men and pelicula ashton kutcher.

I did some more major analysis today on the web sentiment regarding Ashton Kutcher, and found a number news articles about them in the past month. I may update this post later when I analyze the best ones

Considering everything written about Ashton Kutcher (not just official news articles), I decided the overall sentiment for Ashton Kutcher on 2020-01-05 is just OK. But what do you think? I’d like to hear your comments (just don’t write anything too mean).

The Latest Joel McHale Gossip (2020-01-05)

Hello! I have found some cool stuff on Joel McHale, current as of 2020-01-05. I personally have always appreciated Joel McHale, so was eager to do some deep research into them. Let’s get started!

First… how popular is Joel McHale right now? On Google Trends Joel McHale had a popularity ranking of 12 ten days ago, 13 nine days ago, 15 eight days ago, 15 seven days ago, 15 six days ago, 11 five days ago, 9 four days ago, 11 three days ago, 11 two days ago, 16 one day ago and now has a popularity rank of 12. So in the recent past, they were gathering the most attention on 2020-01-01 when they had a rank of 16. If we compare Joel McHale’s popularity to three months ago, they had an average popularity of 13.4, whereas now their average popularity over the last ten days is 12.9. so by that measure, Joel McHale has regressed. It’s worth noting, finally, that Joel McHale never had a rank of 0, indicating people are always searching for them 🙂

And what about how Joel McHale has fared if we consider the entire past 3 months? Our date indicates 2019-11-21 to be their most popular day, when they had a relative rank of 100. Not bad!

As of 2020-01-05, my research indicates that people searching for Joel McHale are also searching for these related terms: community, joel mchale show, joel mchale wife, joel mchale height, joel mchale net worth and how tall is joel mchale.

I did some more thorough analysis today on the web sentiment regarding Joel McHale, and found a number news articles about them in the past month. I may update this post later when I analyze the best ones

Considering everything written about Joel McHale (not just official news articles), I decided the overall sentiment for Joel McHale on 2020-01-05 is just OK. But what do you think? I’d like to hear your comments (just don’t write anything too mean).