Mosquitos usually cover limited distances and do not go far from their birthplace because their lives are relatively short. However, a new study published in Nature confirms the suspicion that wind can be an excellent ally in relation to the possibility of these insects being moved.
This is a very negative fact, as mosquitoes can also carry microorganisms that can cause serious diseases in humans, particularly malaria. Researchers have analysed populations of mosquitoes living in the semi-desert zone of the Sahel, sub-Saharan Africa. They found that mosquitoes, even those that transmit malaria, can literally be carried by the winds and travel hundreds of kilometers (in one case, they recorded a distance of 185 miles), traveling up to 290 meters from the ground; and all in less than nine hours overnight.
In addition, this discovery also explains why mosquito populations in the area are growing so rapidly that it was a mystery to researchers and scientists.
This discovery was made by researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) in Bethesda, Maryland, and the University of Bamako, Mali. Researchers have been studying mosquito populations in four villages in Mali for 10 years.
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