According to AFP, according to the study, more than half of the people who died could survive in this way if the 27 member states of the European Union met new air quality targets set recently by the World Health Organization.
In 2018, the number of deaths associated with PM 2.5 aerosols (particulate matter suspended in the air with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers) was estimated at 346,000. According to the EEA, the decrease in the number of deaths in 2019 can be partially explained by favorable weather conditions, but more importantly The whole thing is the continuous gradual improvement in air quality in Europe.
According to the report, in the early 1990s, fine particles that penetrate deep into the lungs and then into the blood caused nearly one million premature deaths in the 27 European Union countries. This number has already decreased to about 450,000. in 2005.
Among the main EU countries, in 2019, fine particle pollution was responsible for 53.8 thousand. Early deaths in Germany 49.9 thousand. In Italy 29.8 thousand. In France, 23.3 thousand people. In Spain. Poland, where 39.3 thousand people died prematurely, is the country most affected by population.
According to the European Economic Area, in the case of ozone particles (O3), the trend in 2019 also decreased from 16.8 thousand. premature deaths, which represents a 13% reduction. within one year. For nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a gas produced primarily by vehicles and thermal power plants, premature deaths fell by a quarter between 2018 and 2019 to 40,400.
According to the World Health Organization, PM 2.5 aerosols are the most harmful to human health of all atmospheric pollutants and cause seven million premature deaths annually worldwide, putting them at levels similar to smoking or an unhealthy diet.
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