This is the second in a row in demographic statistics published every six months by the National Statistical Office, such a significant decrease in the number of Polish citizens – 83 thousand each. In the first half of 2020, the largest half-year decline since the mass migrations of Poles began after Poland joined the European Union and opened the British labor market in 2004. This means that during 2020, the number of Polish citizens in Great Britain decreased by 162 thousand. almost exactly back to 2013 levels; Then it was 736 thousand.
Since 2004, the number of Polish citizens in Great Britain continued to grow until 2016, then decreased slightly, but at the end of 2017 it reached a record – the Office for National Statistics estimated that there were 1.021 million of them at that time. Since then, a reversal has begun, with a significant decrease between the middle and end of 2018 – by 80,000, then in 2019 the figure stabilized at about 900,000, and in 2020 it fell again significantly.
Estimates of people born in Poland are similar. And at the end of 2020, their number was 691 thousand, that is, 55 thousand. Less than mid-2020 and by 127K. Less than the end of 2019. However, compared to the peak moment at the end of 2017, it has already decreased by 231 thousand. The number of people with Polish citizenship is greater than those who were born in Poland, since the first includes children of Polish citizens who were already born on the territory of Great Britain. In the second case, there are also Poles who have acquired British citizenship, but this is a clear minority.
Polish citizens remain by far the largest group of foreigners living in Great Britain. Their number – 738 thousand. – 2 times larger than the second largest Roman citizen – 384 thousand. Next come the citizens of Ireland, India and Italy.
In turn, among the foreign-born, Polish-born residents of Great Britain – 691 thousand. – She was in second place. There were more people born in India – 880,000, while in places 3-5 there were people born in Pakistan, Ireland and Romania.
The decline in the number of Poles in Great Britain is in line with the broader trend of the influx of EU citizens from that country. The Office for National Statistics estimates that at the end of 2020, there were 3.498 million citizens of EU countries in Great Britain – by 217 thousand. Less than a year ago, at 315 thousand. lower than at the end of 2017, which was its peak. As for residents of the United Kingdom born in European Union countries, the Office for National Statistics estimates their number at the end of 2020 at 3.537 million, a decrease of 79 thousand. During the year by 168 thousand. Compared to its peak in 2017.
In total, the Office for National Statistics estimates that at the end of 2020, the population of Great Britain was 66.282 million, an increase of 276 thousand. compared to the end of 2019. Of these, 9.5 million were born abroad and 6.1 million were not British.
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