Polish history over a millennium shows how difficult it is to maintain independence and independence in a situation where neighbors have imperial plans, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki wrote on Facebook, referring to the observance of the European Day of Commemoration of the Victims of Stalinism and Nazism on Monday.
The European Day of Commemoration of the Victims of Stalinism and Nazism was established by the European Parliament in 2008 on the anniversary of the signing of the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Treaty on August 23, 1939.
Over a thousand years of Polish history shows how difficult it is to maintain independence in a situation where neighbors have imperial plans. 82 years ago, the Soviet Union and Germany signed an agreement against Poland and other countries in our region. Under this decision, World War II broke out in Europe, killing 6 million citizens of the Republic of Poland
The Prime Minister wrote.
helplessness and loneliness
“Faced with this political reality, Poland has remained alone and helpless,” he added.
Today, many people are probably asking themselves if Poland could have avoided disaster? If she could, I think she would have avoided the fate this pact had caused. This happened because Europe did not react in time to the imperialist policies of totalitarian states. As a result, Europe was drawn to the game on terms compatible with totalitarian states and also paid for it, albeit not as high as Poland.
– Prime Minister Moraviki emphasized.
On August 23, 1939, the Foreign Minister of the Third Reich, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and the People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the USSR, Vyacheslav Molotov, signed the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Treaty with a secret Additional Protocol, the result of which was the Fourth Partition of Poland.
The secret Additional Protocol signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov, which is an integral part of the non-aggression pact between the Third Reich and the Soviet Union at that time, consists of four points.
What was in the additional protocol?
The first states that:
In the event of territorial and political transformations in the territories belonging to the Baltic states (Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), the northern border of Lithuania will also be the border between the areas of interest of Germany and the Soviet Union. Therefore, both sides recognize Lithuania’s interest in the Vilnius region.
The second point, directly related to Poland, reads as follows:
In the event of territorial and political transformations in the territory of the Polish state, the border between the regions of importance for Germany and the Soviet Union would extend approximately along the line of the Nario, Vistula and San rivers. The question of whether it is in the common interest to maintain an independent Polish state and what the borders of that state are, can only be clarified in the context of other political events. In any case, the two governments will settle this matter by an amicable agreement.
The next point relates to the region of Southeast Europe. The Soviet side confirmed its interest in Bessarabia (belonging to Romania), while the German side expressed a complete lack of interest in these areas.
The last point of the document states:
This protocol will be treated by both parties as the most confidential.
gah / PAP / Facebook
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