Other stunning images have been captured by the James Webb Space Telescope. They represent the Tarantula Nebula, which is home to the hottest and most massive stars we know.
The James Webb Space Telescope has captured thousands of never-before-seen young stars in the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The photos were posted on Tuesday, September 6th.
This Great Nebula is located in the constellation Goldfish and is the most active star-forming region of the entire Local Group (a group of several tens of galaxieswhich also includes the Milky Way.). The name of the tarantula refers to the fact that its luminous fibers resemble the legs of a spider.
What can be seen in the pictures
As the European Space Agency explains, the image below, captured by the Near Infrared Telescope Camera (NIRCam), shows an area resembling a tarantula’s house lined with silk. The cavity of the visible nebula in the center has been “hollowed out” by radiation from a group of young, massive stars, which shimmer blue in the image. In addition, the NIRSpec camera captures a very young star carrying an isolated cloud of dust around it.
In an image captured by the Long-Wave Infrared (MIRI) camera, the same area looks very different. Hot stars fade and cooler gas and dust glow in the nebula.
It is home to the hottest and most massive stars
At 161,000 light-years away, this nebula is the “home” of the hottest and most massive stars we know. One reason astronomers are interested in it is that it has a chemical composition similar to that of the giant star-forming regions that were active when the universe was about 2-3 billion years old. Then the star formation rate was the highest. This makes the Tarantula Nebula an ideal place to study the mechanisms of star formation.
Despite numerous observations of celestial bodies, the process of their formation still holds many secrets.
James Webb Telescope
The James Webb Telescope is the most advanced and powerful space telescope ever built. The pioneering observatory was created by scientists from NASAThe European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency.
The telescope weighing over 6.3 tons cost $10 billion to build. It was launched on December 25, 2021. It is located at L2, 1.5 million kilometers from our planet, almost four times the moon. The device has a mirror with a diameter of 6.5 meters and it detects infrared radiation. It is called the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope, which has been in operation for more than 30 years
Main image source: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Webb ERO Production Team
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