It is estimated that plant embryos will be able to survive intact for hundreds or even thousands of years. The special structure of the building in which they are located must be resistant to any natural disasters. for this reason world seed bank It is also called Holocaust Treasury.
A specially reinforced building was built in the permafrost and inside a mountain more than 130 meters high. It is located on a remote island archipelago Svalbard, 300 km from the Arctic Circle.
There are optimal conditions for storing seeds – at -18 ° C they do not need additional cooling systems. They are packaged in special containers for degassing, which ensures them an adequate level of humidity. world seed bank It is funded by the government of Norway in which it is located.
Its role is to protect humanity from the irreversible loss of food plants as a result of disaster or war. It is the largest granary of this type in the world. None of the stored samples have been genetically modified as prohibited by Norwegian law.
despite Groups collected in Spitsbergen can survive for hundreds of years, their use became necessary much earlier than expected. The seeds stored there were first used in 2015.
Wheat seeds, barley, beans and grass plants were sent to war-ravaged Syria. Thanks to the materials obtained in this way, the opportunity to feed the Syrian population and, at least partially, to restore the damaged vegetation cover, has greatly increased. In addition, Syria has donated some seedlings to drought-affected Middle Eastern countries.
Similar but much smaller banks without such modern security also exist in other parts of the world. Most developed countries have their own treasuries, stocking the main types of local residents. In Poland, this assumption has been realized Seed and tissue bank of the Botanical Garden of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
The World Seed Bank not only stores plant embryos, but also replicates them to the needs of the individual countries cooperating in the project. If they are exposed to a natural disaster or war in the future, they can order the necessary seeds.
This is what happened in Syria – the local seed bank near Aleppo was completely destroyed during the bombing. Recently, he also suffered a similar fate Seed Bank of Ukraine. The Russian army completely destroyed the National Center for Plant Genetic Resources. It was the only such group in Ukraine, and what is more, before the outbreak of the war, the Russians also used its resources. Tens of thousands of specimens that make up a collection of world importance have been destroyed.
A few years ago it ended The Holocaust Locker in Spitsbergen Black clouds hung. He found that the gradual warming of the land caused the higher part of the mountain to melt. In order to prevent the loss of valuable assemblies in the future, it was necessary to carry out various renovation and protection works, as well as to install an independent cooling system.
In addition to the World Seed Bank On the island of Svalbard in Spitsbergen There is another extraordinary institution. that it Arctic Archive and affiliation with End of the World Library.
Collections that are among the most important achievements of mankind are stored there. As in the case of the Doomsday Treasury, there are a number of safeguards to protect it even from a nuclear catastrophe. The Apocalypse Library stores, among other things, the works of Nobel Prize winners – and thus also the Polish writers belonging to this group.
Mysterious plague island in the Baltic Sea. what does it mean?
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