Trichinella It is sometimes a very dangerous disease caused by a parasitic nematode called Curly hair. It is a small parasite of no more than a few millimeters. It affects not only humans, but also various animals, including Pigs, foxes, cats, bears, and rats.
A person can become infected with trichinosis only after eating meat contaminated with the larvae of the parasite. Most often it is Pork or gamethat have not been properly heat treated before ingestion. This is because Trichinella larvae die under the influence of high temperature, for example during frying or baking, and lose their ability to cause symptoms of disease.
After eating contaminated meat, the larvae in the stomach lose their shell and can pass into the small intestine. There they transform into adults, which gives rise to a new generation of larvae. Then it penetrates the intestinal wall and spreads throughout the body. It penetrates into the striated muscles, tongue, heart, brain and lungs, which leads to the development of inflammation and numerous complications.
Symptoms experienced by a patient with trichinosis It depends greatly on the stage of infection. Initially, the presence of adults in the intestine can cause nausea, vomiting, heartburn and diarrhea. These symptoms usually appear 10-14 days after infection.
However, when the production of larvae begins and they enter the blood, the patient’s condition worsens – swelling, muscle pain, fever and a feeling of weakness appear. They are also special blood leakage into the nailsWhich appear as small dark spots on the nail plate. In people with severe disease severity and wide spread of larvae to various organs, it can occur Brain inflammation And the PneumoniaAs well as disturbances in heart function or strong muscle contractions.
In the diagnosis of trichinosis, a number of tests are used, which not only determine the cause of the disease, but also assess the general health of the patient. First of all, he distinguishes himself The level of antibodies in the blood against spirochetesWhich appear very quickly, already in the second week after infection. In addition, an extract from the deltoid muscle can also be taken for definitive confirmation of infection.
Morphology is also performed in which the level of white blood cells and eosinophils is elevated. This is not only characteristic of Trichinella infections, but all parasitic infections. The level of muscle enzymes (such as creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase) are also measured, which are indicators of the extent of muscle damage. With symptoms of inflammation of the brain, lungs, or other organs present, imaging tests such as CT or MRI may also be done.
Pigworm treatmentIt can be very tricky, especially when the larvae are spread all over the body. This is because it is used in this disease Anti-parasitic drugs (as albendazole, mebendazole) poorly penetrates into muscles and other body tissues. for this reason Treatment should begin as soon as possible after eating contaminated meatWhen Trichinella larvae have not yet been produced in the intestine.
In addition to antiparasitic therapy, pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain, glucocorticoids are also used, and lost fluids are replaced with electrolytes. A person with trichinosis should rest as long as possible and avoid stress on the musclesSometimes even for several weeks.
Trichinosis is a mild disease, when diagnosed early enough. But The larvae spread widely in the body It can wreak havoc.
The larvae can travel to the brain and cause it to become inflamed. Injury to the heart is just as dangerous, as it leads to arrhythmias and heart failure. In addition, when they get into the eyeball, they can cause visual disturbances and swelling. In addition, getting rid of all the larvae from the muscles is often impossible. Some of them die, but some of them produce the bag and in this form they can live up to 50 years. muscle larvae In addition to cramping and muscle weakness, they can cause chronic pain.
Most people with trichinosis, diagnosed and treated early enough, usually make a full recovery after a few weeks. However, when complications develop, The disease can be life-threatening and unfortunately leads to death due to heart failure, pulmonary embolism, or encephalitis.
The basic method you can do a lot Reducing the risk of developing trichinosisHe’s frying the meat well. Comprehensive heat treatment kills the larvae and prevents the development of infection. In addition, it is always beneficial to buy meat from proven sources and to avoid eating meat of undiscovered wild animals.
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