History lovers discovered an arrowhead several thousand years ago with a fragment of a wooden beam near Okta (Warmia-Masuria province). According to archaeologists, it is a unique find in Poland.
Members of the Historical and Exploration Society “Salé” – with the consent of the guardian – searched the place of the dried and swollen lake in the municipality of Okta with metal detectors.
“We were looking for the relics of the Second World War and came across this discovery by chance. We are very happy with it, because the association has been working for more than twelve years, but we have only been searching for a year in this area” – Damian Uralsky, a researcher of the cave, told PAP.
Regional history enthusiasts have handed over the found artifact to the museum in Ostruda.
“The cave is very interesting, and there is no analogue in Poland, so we have a problem with accurate dating. It comes from the Bronze Age or the Early Iron Age. At this point, there are many question marks that can be clarified only after specialized analyzes ”- he said Archaeologist Łukasz Szczepański for PAP.
As he explained, the wooden part of the arrow was preserved for a long time because it was in a humid environment. In the museum, it is kept in water so that the wood does not dry out and spoil until it is preserved.
Szczepański noted that the province of Warmia and Mazury is rich in lakes, wetlands, swamps, and swamps. Therefore, for many other archaeological finds, organic elements are well preserved.
The most famous find of this type was the so-called mummy of Drwęcka. This is how the body of a teenage girl was identified, buried or sacrificed around 600 BC. It was found in July 1939 while digging a peat bog. Thanks to peat tannins, the mummy was preserved in excellent condition. It ended up in the museum in Königsberg, where it was destroyed, like other exhibits, during the 1945 Red Army offensive.
The artifact discovered near Okta was developed by archaeologist Dr. Marcin Macijuwski of Maria Curie-Skodowska University in Lublin, who specializes in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. The find will be analyzed to determine, among other things, the age of the wood used to make the beam, the composition of the metal’s raw material and the method of edge processing. The researchers will also attempt to determine the type of material that attaches the arrowhead to the woody part of the arrow.
The arrowhead isn’t the first Bronze Age find that found its way into the museum in Ostruda, thanks to a collaboration with history-lovers’ associations. Previously, among others, a treasure trove of trinkets was found in 2017 in the town of Lubnowy Wielkie near Susz. It consists of five elements: a bodice, a bracelet in the form of bracelets, two bracelets in the form of a ribbon, and a necklace with two eyes. They were made in the years 950-750 BC, when the Lake Ellawa region was inhabited by Lusatian culture communities. (PAP)
Author: Marcin Boguszewski
mbo / aszw /