- Melon, commonly known as watermelon, is a seasonal fruit of the gourd family
- It is native to central and southern Africa. Perhaps the local climate affected the ability of the watermelon to accumulate large amounts of water – the flesh of the watermelon contains more than 90% of it.
- Watermelon cultivation began around 1500 BC, and in the 12th century, thanks to the Teutonic Order, found its way into Europe.
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Today, watermelon is grown in many tropical countries where it is the main commercial product. There are many types of watermelons in the world: with yellow, orange and white flesh. In Poland, we mainly eat watermelons with red meat, that is, ordinary watermelons.
A 100-gram portion of watermelon pulp contains up to 30 calories, which come mainly from carbohydrates (8 g, including 6 g of sugars). The rest is filled with water and electrolyte. Watermelon also contains relatively large amounts of vitamin A (11% of the RDA in the above portion) and flavonoid antioxidants such as lycopene, Lutein, beta-carotene or zeaxanthin. Among the minerals contained in watermelon we can find, among others, potassium, copper and magnesium. Watermelon, like any other fruit and vegetable, contains amino acids and enzymes.
It is noteworthy about watermelon seeds. It’s an energy-packed snack – 100 grams of watermelon seeds contain about 560-580 calories. However, it is a very good source of minerals (magnesium, zinc, iron) And the B vitamins. In addition, watermelon seeds contain the essential amino acids arginine and lysine. Half of the seeds are fats containing essential fatty acids (EFAs).
Watermelon is a very rich source vitamins A (about 570 mg per 100 grams), a natural antioxidant and the foundation of eye and skin health. It is also said that eating fruits that contain high amounts of vitamin A reduces the risk of lung and oral cancer.
The presence of carotenoids in watermelon, including lycopene, provides an excellent antioxidant shield that slows the growth of cancer cells. Lycopene also protects against many cardiovascular diseases. Compared to tomatoes, watermelon contains twice the amount of this compound. However, it must be remembered that lycopene is best absorbed in the presence of fats, so it is worth eating watermelon with seeds rich in fatty acids.
Watermelon seeds have a beneficial effect on the kidneys and have a diuretic effect. It contains a chemical (cucorpuricin) that widens blood vessels and lowers high blood pressure. The seeds are also a remedy for constipation. Dried watermelon seeds are made into a decoction, while fresh seeds are eaten directly with the flesh (they must be chewed thoroughly). The presence of amino acids (arginine and lysine) has a positive effect on blood pressure, metabolism and muscle growth.
Few people know that watermelon peel is also used in medicine. The citrulline contained in it after consumption excretes arginine in the body. Both of these compounds, when combined with each other, lower blood pressure and stimulate the immune system. Watermelon peel also contains a lot of silicon that helps treat indigestion and gum disease. Silicon is also an element that makes up our tissues – skin, hair and nails. The green layer, in turn, is rich in chlorophyll – a compound that supports, among other things, the removal of heavy metals from tissues.
The vitamins and enzymes in watermelon have a toning and astringent effect on the skin. Hence, this fruit is used in cosmetics as a natural cleanser and reduces wrinkles. Watermelon can be successfully used for face and body masks or compresses. Soothing watermelon helps treat dermatitis, eczema and chewing gums.
Although watermelons can be grown year-round in tropical environments, they are best purchased during the summer season. If possible, try to buy organic varieties that are tastier and rich in nutrients. It is often difficult to judge maturity and taste without cutting the fruit. In such cases, make sure that the watermelon has the right weight and that the peel is smooth and free from blemishes or excessive shine.
After purchasing a watermelon, it is best to store it in a cool, well-ventilated place. Cut pieces should be stored in the refrigerator.
long watermelon glycemic index مؤشر (72), so it may discourage people (including diabetics) who pay attention to it. However, given the value of the glycemic load in a serving of 100 g (about 6), it can be safely concluded that it will not cause a significant rise in blood sugar, provided, of course, that it is eaten in moderate quantities.
It turns out that the water in the watermelon is not enough to remove the amount of sugar it contains. The body may react to this by dehydration. Dehydration usually appears with a slight decrease in energy. Therefore, it is recommended to drink water before and after eating watermelon. It is also helpful to rinse your mouth with water after eating a fruity meal or a bite of greens to restore a proper reaction in the mouth.
Date created: June 13, 2021, 08:58
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