Covit-19 shook the world, with more than 2.7 million deaths and more than 123 million cases. However, there are good examples of strategies to combat the virus in many countries.
These measures could serve as a particular for countries facing difficulties such as Brazil, which is facing the biggest health and hospital decline in its history, Piocruz said.
Next, the BBC reporter Jane Corbin reports her findings:
I spent the whole of last year covering up the Govt-19 epidemic. Now, I have decided to talk to global leaders and health officials on four continents to find out what their priorities are in fighting the virus.
What I do know is that there are four key areas in which efforts to prevent the spread of the virus and prevent deaths have been successful:
- The initial step is to control the borders and monitor the arrival of people in the country
- Testing and monitoring all suspected infections
- Support for those isolated from having the virus
- Effective leadership and consistent and timely public news
No one in the world is proud that they made the right decisions during epidemics, but the steps listed below show which policies have proven to be most effective in different places.
Together, they create a kind of “manual for an epidemic” that also helps manage future outbreaks of infectious diseases.
Step 1: Preparation
Stanley Park lives in Seoul, South Korea.When he took his daughter Joo Yeon to the airport, he greeted her with a mask and gel alcohol, not a warmth.
This is not Stanley’s first infection experience. He recalled the catastrophe and fears of the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) outbreak in Southeast Asia.
South Korea learned lessons from this experience.
Since then, the government has made 48 reforms to strengthen readiness and response to public health emergencies. The effort is worth it. When Corona virus Officials were able to quickly smooth the curve of the epidemic without coming and concluding agreements or enforcing strict national restrictions.
Upon arrival in South Korea, Xu Yeon completed a two-week period of isolation at his parents’ home, downloaded an application to monitor his movements and received six verification calls from authorities.
She took the isolation so seriously, “She didn’t even go to the garden.”
“From the beginning, we have taken preventive measures to prevent the same thing from happening again – history is repeating itself,” said Prime Minister Chung Sai-kyun.
Step 2: Testing and monitoring
In most East Asian countries, testing for people suspected of having the disease began in January.
In South Korea, hospitals such as Yangtze in Seoul’s Guan-ak district are assigned to care for Kovit-19 from testing to treatment.
In these places, people do not even need to enter the building – they are tested in a special, fully fenced area.
The hospital processes all of its own tests on site and the results are usually available within four or five hours.
A monitoring team monitors every suspicious case. The team has access to each person’s credit card and cell phone data and monitors the entire district through security cameras.
When there is a particular concern, teams are sent to the field to investigate cases.
Prioritizing testing and surveillance systems, Prime Minister Chung Sai-kyun personally controlled the situation before bringing in the first confirmed case of Govt-19.
“By using this strategy, we have achieved a good and significant result,” said Sai-kyun.
The death toll in South Korea, 52 million countries, is 1,704.
Step 3: Support those at home
“The main reason we stayed at home was because we were able to control the cove,” said Usha Kumari, a community health worker in Kerala, India. Usha is also one of the 30,000 recognized community health activists known as Asha workers.
Usha’s role is to make sure that everyone who needs to be isolated does so. She is shopping, looking for medicine, doing everything she can to stay out of the house.
Support for those who isolate themselves does not end there.
Community kitchens offer up to 600 free meals to individuals who isolate themselves at home or in the hospital each day, and provide mental health services since the onset of the epidemic. Financial assistance was provided and in some cases, accounts payable were suspended.
Kerala Health Minister KK Shilaja learned important lessons three years ago, handled the deadly Nipah virus and used those lessons against Govt. He emphasizes that by guaranteeing support to those who isolate themselves, authorities have been able to control the spread and prevent overburdening hospitals.
With a population of 35 million, Kerala has one of the lowest Govt-19 mortality rates in the world since March 2020, with the highest number of cases in India.
Step 4: Protect the elderly
In early April, Dr. Lisa Federley began testing at hospitals in Dubingen, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany.
City Mayor Boris Palmer thought: “We need to create a special protective shield for people at high risk.” He had seen the impact of the virus on the elderly in Italy and Spain.
Palmer used his local budget to prioritize care and support for the city’s elderly population, including taxi service at subsidized prices, free masks for homes and special shopping time for the elderly.
With the help of these measures, the city’s university hospital received fewer patients with Govit-19 and was not forced to cancel other medical procedures. Germany, with its federal system, allows each of its states to determine internally how to respond to the virus.
The elderly are among the victims of the epidemic – especially those living in hospitals.
“As far as nursing homes are concerned, they are a vulnerable group, it should come as no surprise,” said Professor Dale Fisher, an epidemiologist sent to the epicenter of the February 2020 eruption in Wuhan, China.
“I think it’s obvious that the number of deaths is significant where nursing homes do not attract attention.”
Step 5: A vaccination strategy
Nearly 30 million people in the UK have received at least one corona virus vaccine – part of the nation’s largest vaccination program. Although the world leader is behind Israel, which has so far vaccinated more than half of its population, the United Kingdom has had extraordinary success with its vaccination program.
The success of the UK is largely due to a major planning effort.
The Department of Health and Social Welfare began planning a mass vaccination program long before the first case of Govt-19 in the United Kingdom was confirmed.
In the middle of last year, the government signed an agreement for a 100 million dose of the Oxford-Astrogeneca vaccine and a 30 million dose of Pfizer-Bioendech vaccine.
This is a very different story in countries like Europe and Brazil, then planning started and vaccination was slow.
Only 8% of people in Europe have been vaccinated so far, compared to 36% in the UK. In Brazil, the index is 5.8% of the population.
Vaccine purchases from the UK closed three months earlier than in the EU.
In Brazil, 12,279,559 people took the first dose and 4,213,858 took the second dose in a survey of press vehicles based on data from the health department. At the end of this report, in total, approximately 16.49 million quantities were used in Brazil.
Many poor countries rely on the supply of covax, which aims to ensure that everyone has access to cova vaccine.
However, a vaccination strategy should be an international endeavor. In countries with limited access to the vaccine, the virus has the potential to transmit – as it did in South Africa and Brazil – creating new, more contagious strains that can spread overseas.
Scientists fear that these types may be more resistant to existing vaccines and, therefore, threaten countries that have successfully implemented them.
As work continues to distribute the vaccine worldwide, we have finally achieved significant success in our fight against the Govt-19 epidemic.
Professor Dale Fisher says we should not miss the opportunity to learn the lessons of the past 12 months.
“We suffered severely and paid a high price. One of the worst things we can do when this is over is that we are back to normal. If you do not learn from it, history will come again.”